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Finding accommodation in Belgium 

Despite having a modest overall population, Belgium is a major player on the international stage and is routinely rated as one of the best places to live in the world. Brussels has plenty to offer any type of expat, whether they are searching for international services and amenities or cutting-edge culture. Finding accommodation in this country can be an exciting and rewarding process. Whether you’re planning a short-term stay or a long-term relocation, understanding the housing market and rent regulations is essential. In this guide, you will explore important details to consider when searching for accommodation in Belgium.

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Rent market overview

Belgium’s rental market offers a variety of housing options, including apartments, houses, studios, and shared accommodations. The country has a mix of urban centers, suburban areas, and rural regions, each with its rental dynamics. Major cities like Brussels, Antwerp, and Ghent have vibrant rental markets, while smaller towns may have more limited options.

Rental laws and regulations

Familiarizing yourself with Belgian rental laws and regulations is crucial before entering into any rental agreement. The main legislation governing rental relationships is the Belgian Civil Code (Code Civil Belge). It sets out the rights and obligations of both tenants and landlords, including aspects such as lease duration, rent increases, deposit regulations, and termination notices. It’s important to understand these laws to ensure you are well-informed and protected during your tenancy.

Rental costs

Rental prices here vary depending on factors such as location, size, condition, and amenities of the property. Urban areas and popular tourist destinations generally have higher rental costs compared to rural areas. Researching average rental prices in your desired location is essential to set a realistic budget. Online platforms, local real estate agencies, and classified advertisements can provide valuable insights into current rental rates.

Online platforms and real estate agencies

Online platforms and real estate agencies are valuable resources when searching for accommodation in Belgium. Popular online platforms like Immoweb, Logic-Immo, and Zimmo offer extensive property listings throughout the country. Additionally, collaborating with reputable real estate agencies can provide personalized assistance, access to exclusive listings, and guidance through the rental process.

Temporary accommodation

If you require temporary accommodation while searching for a long-term rental, Belgium offers various options. Hotels, hostels, serviced apartments, and vacation rentals can provide short-term housing solutions. Websites like Airbnb,, and Expedia offer a range of temporary accommodation options to suit different preferences and budgets.

Student accommodation

Belgium is home to several prestigious universities, attracting a significant number of international students. Many educational institutions provide student accommodation options, including dormitories and shared apartments. Contact your university’s housing department or student services to inquire about available student housing opportunities.

Flatshares and shared accommodation

Sharing accommodation with roommates can be a cost-effective option in Belgium. Flatshares (Kot in Flemish) involves renting a room in a shared apartment or house. This arrangement allows for shared expenses and can provide opportunities for social interaction. Websites like Appartager, Easykot, and Kotweb specialize in connecting individuals seeking shared accommodation.

Documentation and application process

When applying for accommodation in Belgium, be prepared to provide necessary documentation such as identification (passport or ID card), proof of income, and rental history. Some landlords may require additional references or proof of solvency. It’s advisable to have these documents readily available to streamline the application process.

Rent contracts and deposits

Upon finding suitable accommodation, you will typically be required to sign a rent contract (Contrat de Bail/Huurcontract) that outlines the terms and conditions of the tenancy. Read the contract carefully before signing, ensuring you understand all clauses, rights, and obligations. Additionally, landlords may require a security deposit (waarborg/ garantie locative) usually equivalent to one to three months’ rent. The deposit is refundable at the end of the tenancy, provided there is no damage or outstanding rent.

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