The city was bombed in the beginning of the German invasion in 1939 and restored after the Second World War. It is a global city, significant political, economic and cultural center of Poland these days. The city offers lots of places that are worth visiting. Historical attractions, churches, cathedrals, monuments, museums, theatres, parks and many other sights attract the attention of tourists from all over the world. What are the major things one must see in Warsaw? Let’s dive in.
Old Town Market Square
Rynek Starego Miasta or the Market Square is in the center of Old Town. It dates back to the thirteenth century. The Market Square was destroyed during World War II and rebuilt when the war ended. There are lots of old building in the Gothic, Baroque and Renaissance styles. On the square there is a statue of Syrenka, the mermaid with a sword, that is become the symbol of Warsaw. Lots of interesting museums are there, for instance, the Warsaw Historical Museum, the Adam Mickiewicz Museum or the Museum of Literature. Many other tourist attractions, elegant restaurants and cozy cafes are also situated on the Market Square.
The Royal Route
Trakt Królewski or the Royal Route is one of the most beautiful places in the city. It begins on the edge of the Old Town Square and goes on for about a mile. The Route includes five connecting streets with a lot of culturally buildings and monuments. The Warsaw University campus, the Polish Academy of Sciences and St. Anne’s Church are among the most visited sights on Krakowskie Przedmieście street. Tourists often go to the Three Crosses Square on Aleje Ujazdowskie and relax in great cafes and bars on Nowy Świat street. The travellers also must see the Polonia House, the Radziwiłł Palace and Czapski Palace on the Warsaw Royal Route.
The Royal Castle
For many years, the Royal Castle was used by Polish dukes and Russian tsars. It also was one of the royal residences of the Europeans and Polish president. The modern red-brick castle was rebuilt after the original one was damaged in the Second World War. It is located at the entrance to Old Town, on the Castle Square. The Royal Castle hosts a museum that is open to visitors. It has a famous collection of portraits of the Polish kings. The Royal Castle in Warsaw is one of the most splendid royal palaces in Europe these days.
The Museum of the History of Polish Jews
Opened in 2013, the museum is situated in the center of the former Jewish ghetto of World War II. It features eight galleries with expositions that represent the thousand-year old history of the Jews in Poland. The museum boasts of a multimedia permanent exhibition that offers an interesting journey over the thousand years, from the first Jewish settlements in the territory of Poland to the present day. The museum also allows to organize various lectures, debates and workshops for students and researchers. The visitors have a chance to taste traditional Jewish cuisine in the restaurant located on the ground floor.
The Copernicus Science Centre
It is the largest Science Museum in Poland that is named after Nicolaus Copernicus, the most famous Polish astronomer. It is located on the bank of Vistula River. The Copernicus Science Centre has more than 450 interactive exhibitions in six galleries. The majority of them are organized for children aged between 12 and 18 years. The Late evens (from 7 p.m. to 10 p.m.) with DJs and expert panels are held for adults. Over a million guests visit the Center every year. The beginning researches of all ages can take part in different science experiments. There is a garden on the Centre’s roof that has a few observation decks with a panoramic view.
It is rightfully considered the most beautiful park in Warsaw and palace and garden complexes in the whole Europe. Łazienki Park was designed in the 17th century in the Baroque style. It is situated in the center of the city, on Ujazdów Avenue. The park features a botanical garden, an amphitheatre, an ornamental lake, an 18th century orangery, a few palaces and museums. There are three main types of garden: the 18th-century Italianate Royal Garden, the 19th-century Romantic Garden and the modern Chinese Garden. It is one of the favorite tourist places for relaxing and leisure in Warsaw.
Travelling throughout the capital city of Poland, you can find many other interesting sights. Be sure to visit Fryderyk Chopin Museum, Neon Museum, The Museum of the Warsaw Uprising, the National Ethnographic Museum or the National Gallery and Art, if you like going to places like this. King’s Castle, Wilanów Palace, the Palace of Culture and Science, the Saxon Gardens, St. Anne’s Church, the Church of the Holy Cross and St. John’s Cathedral are also among the most visited places in Warsaw.