Population of China

Parent Category: ROOT Published: Tuesday, 23 March 2021 Print
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Demographics Of China

China is one of the world’s fastest-growing economies, operates a unitary one-party system, has the world’s largest army, and is by far the biggest importers & exporters of raw materials and finished goods respectively.

The People’s Republic Of China popularly referred to as China. China is the most populated country in the world and the demographics of China are just astonishing. Although the demographic profile of China depicts a super-sized population with adults and children as her main contributors with little traces of youths.

 

China Demographics By Population

The Chinese demographic statistics almost doubled from 540 million[1949] to 969 million[1979]. This made the Chinese government panic and instituted the “one-child policy” in 1979. The one-child policy was very effective because it slowed the growth of a massive nation.

The newly experimented demographics of China made it easy for researchers to understand growth patterns in the Chinese population, gender imbalances, and dependency issues among the Chinese population.

In November 2019, The Chinese population hit over 1.4 billion, the highest in the world. China has been able to successfully administer resources because they’ve understood the need of the people by carefully collecting their demographic statistics.

The population density in China was 396 people/mi2 [153 people per Km2] on a total land area of 9,388,211 Km2. About 61 % (875,075,919 people) of the Chinese population is urban and the remaining 39% [564,2747,857] were rural.

Today, The Chinese Population hit 1,439,323,776 with a + 0.39% annual change.

 

China Demographics By Cities

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In 1987, The government of The People's Republic of China stated that there will be a national census that would be held every 170 years. Ever since, Chine has conducted 6 censuses in the years 1953, 1964, 1982, 1990, 2000, and 2010.

China has always been the world's population for many centuries. With a huge chunk of its population coming from Hong Kong, Macau, and Shanghai. Here’s a table display the demographics of China by cities.

 

#

CITY NAME

POPULATION

1

Beijing

11,716,620 

2

Chengdu

7,415,590

3

Chongqing

7,457,600 

4

Dongguan

8,000,000 

5

Guangzhou

11,071,424 

6

Hangzhou

6,241,971

Harbin

5,878,939 

8

Jinan

4,335,989

9

Nanchong

7,150,000 

10

Nanjing

7,165,292 

11

Shanghai

22,315,474

12

Shantou

5,329,024

13

Shenyang

6,255,921 

14

Shenzhen

10,358,381 

15

Suzhou

5,345,961

16

Tai'an

5,499,000

17

Tianjin

11,090,314

18

Wuhan

9,785,388 

19

Xi'an

6,501,190 

20

Zhengzhou

4,253,913

 

China Demographics By Gender

According to the National Bureau of Statistics of China, The Chinese population demographics showcases a nation whose population is made up of the male gender. 

Males make up 51.3% of China’s population, females make up 48.7% of the Chinese population and group sex ratio make 1.05% of the Chinese population. This makes the males outnumber the females with over 36 million people.

The total number of females in China amount to 701,076,434 and males expressed statistically amounts to 738,247,340. The female population of China has a life expectancy of 79.7 years and the male have a life expectancy of 79.7 years at birth.

According to the current demographics of China, both sex display a combined life expectancy of 77.5 years, this is one of the highest in the world. China also has an infant mortality rate of 8.4/1,000 live birth under the age of 5.

 

China Demographics By Age

The National Bureau of Statistics of China also declared the age ratio in Chinese demographics. The demographic transition in China has been stunning since 1876. Here’s a table containing the demographic profile of China:

 

Age Group


Share of Total Population

Total Age Group Population

0-14

17.71%

254,930,371

15-24

11.78%

169,500,026

25-54s

46.30%

666,376,573

55-64

12.25%

176,254,630

65+

11.97%

172,262,174

 

China has an increasingly aging population which is projected to skyrocket in the next 107 years. In 2030, 15.8% of China’s demographics will be 65 years or older. By 2050, a third of the population will be above 60 years old.

The age dependency ratio is the relationship between the dependent population and the working-age population. China has a highly productive workforce which makes its dependency ratio to be small. A higher value dependency ratio indicates a greater level of dependency. 

 

You should know that the dependency ratio does not calculate labor force participation rates, just children and elders. A component of the population may be counted as "working age". Working Age is part of a countries age group that is either unemployed or not in the labor force.

China Age Groups

Share of Population

Age Group Population

Dependency Ratio

Children (0-14 years old)

17.71%

254,930,371

25.2

Working Class & Adults (15-64 years)

70.32%

1,012,131,229

N.A.

Elders (65+ years old)

11.97%

172,262,174

17.0

Dependency Ratio [Children & Elders]

29.68%

427,192,545

42.2

The demographics report of China proves that the size of this aging population will surely cripple the social and economic gears in the system. 

China’s one-child policy that was implemented in 1979 became highly ineffective in 2016, the demographic impacts of sharp change should is alarming.

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