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Expats guide on tax system in Madagascar

Understanding the tax system of a foreign country is crucial for expatriates and businesses looking to establish a presence or invest in new opportunities. Madagascar, a captivating island nation off the eastern coast of Africa, offers a diverse and dynamic landscape for expatriates and entrepreneurs. this guide will delve into the intricacies of the tariff system, exploring the various types of taxes, their rates, and key considerations for expatriates and businesses operating within the country. Whether you are an expat or a business owner planning your financial strategy, this guide will provide you with the essential knowledge to navigate the levy landscape in Madagascar effectively.

Money and tax documents. - Madagascar

Tax residency

Tax residency in Madagascar is decided by using a character’s physical presence, crucial activities, and residence. Generally, if a person spends more than 183 days in a calendar 12 months in the country, they’re considered a tariff resident. Factors that include non-public and financial ties, consisting of family, employment, and property, additionally affect residency. Levy residents are liable for excise on their international income, while non-citizens are taxed only on profits derived from inside Madagascar. Consulting nearby tariff professionals or the DGI is advisable for personalized recommendations.

Types of taxes

In Madagascar, there are several types of taxes that individuals and businesses may encounter. Here are the main types of taxes in the country.

Personal Income Tax (PIT)

Personal Income Tax is levied on the worldwide earnings of tariff residents and the income derived from Madagascar for non-residents. The levy rates start from 0% to 40% based on income brackets. It is critical to be aware that positive profits resources, which include dividends and capital gains.

Corporate Income Tax (CIT)

Corporate Income Tax applies to companies operating within Madagascar. The up-to-the-minute price is 20%, but certain sectors consisting of mining and petroleum have specific fees. Expat marketers and traders need to understand the levy responsibilities associated with their commercial enterprise sports.

Value Added Tax (VAT)

Value Added Tax is a consumption tariff levied on the supply of goods and services. The standard VAT rate in Madagascar is 20%, with reduced rates applicable to specific goods and services. Expatriates should be aware of the VAT implications when engaging in commercial activities or making significant purchases.

Withholding Tax (WHT)

Withholding Excise is deducted at the source of payment and applies to various types of income, including dividends, interest, royalties, and payments to non-residents. The rates vary depending on the nature of the income and the recipient’s tariff status.

Tax planning for expatriates

Expatriates can optimize their levy situation through effective excise planning strategies. Some considerations include the following.

Residency status

Understanding the criteria for tariff residency can help expatriates plan their stay in the nation and manage their levy obligations effectively.

Expat deductions and exemptions

Expatriates may be eligible for certain deductions or exemptions, such as housing allowances or tax breaks for specific industries. It is important to explore these possibilities to minimize tariff liabilities.

Social security agreements

Expatriates from countries with bilateral social security agreements may be exempt from certain social security contributions in Madagascar. This can have a significant impact on the overall levy burden.

Professional advice

Seeking guidance from tariff professionals or accountants with expertise in international taxation can provide valuable insights and help navigate the complexities of the levy system.


Foreigners need to comprehend Madagascar’s tariff system to guarantee compliance and make wise financial decisions. Through a thorough understanding of levy kinds, residence regulations, and excise planning techniques, foreign nationals may maximize their tariff benefits and concentrate on relishing their time in this stunning nation. To receive tailored guidance based on their unique circumstances, expatriates should speak with levy experts or local authorities.

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