Guide: Work in the U.S.

Published: Monday, 14 October 2019 Print
Pile of US dollars.

Working in the United States

There are plenty of job opportunities in the United States for foreigners. Employment industry is rapidly developing in terms of providing support and a wide range of job opportunities for anyone willing to relocate.

For example, there is an official website referred to as usa.gov created by the state government in order to help different people to search for a suitable place of employment. There are also other resources and institutions similar to the already mentioned such as state job banks, occupational outlook handbooks, federal government employment and other local resources. However, there are also some formalities which must be met in order to proceed with this endeavour.

 

Finding a job in the U.S.

Some experts have pointed out best cities for foreigners to find a job. For example, these are Washington, Seattle and Raleigh, North Carolina. The most popular working fields today are healthcare, IT and retail sales. In turn, the most necessary professions are nurse, physician’s assistant, sales assistant, computer programmer, computer support specialist, web designer as well as software developer. Other popular industries include aerospace, electronics, consumer goods, food processing, healthcare and motor vehicles.

 

The best jobs in the USA

For example, according to the money.usnews data, the best jobs of 2019 were software developer, statistician, physician assistant, dentist, nurse anesthetist, orthodontist and nurse practitioner.

 

Industries lacking staff in the USA

There are several industries in the U.S. which are lacking staff. For example, retail, hotel and restaurant workers are highly demanded employees. Moreover, some experts admit that the U.S. needs low-skilled immigrants, who will be able to work in the service sector.

However, when it comes to professions which require a higher college degree, currently, such professions as lawyers, IT programmers and consultants are the most wanted on the labour market. In January 2019 there were 7.6 million unfilled jobs in the U.S., 6.5 million people, on the other hand, were looking for a job.

 

Average salaries

Salaries for the U.S. workers may vary according to the geographic region, employee’s education (person with a bachelor’s degree earn three times as much as people having a high school degree) and age as well. However, each state has a different set wage (hospitality as well as restaurant work places may be lower because of the earning tips).

Moreover, in the U.S. there is a competition for job places within the frames of high-paying industries and major cities as well as an internship and career enhancement. If one is looking for a permanent move, this move itself will take a research and preparation as well.

 

Labour salary statistics

Google states that the average salary in the U.S. in 2018 was 61,891 U.S.dollars annually. However, according to the Bureau of labour statistics or BLS, the average wage for workers in the U.S.A. in the first quarter of 2019 was 905 U.S.dollars weekly and 47,060 annually for a 40 hour workweek.

However, the salary may vary according to the current profession and particular job as well as a particular company and its employees. For example, employees working in management field often have an average wage of 66,820 U.S. dollars per year.

 

Work permits for foreigners

First of all, one must obtain a work permit in order to work in the USA on a legal basis due to all US employers having a requirement to confirm a worker is officially eligible to work in the country. Moreover, the job seekers who are not citizens or permanent residents of the country must have an EAD or employment authorization document.

There are several categories of workers who are permitted to work in the USA These are exchange workers, students, temporary non-immigrant workers and permanent immigrant workers.

 

Work legal requirements

In addition, there are also some important legal requirements for those who wish to be involved in the USA employment. These are as follows: proving eligibility to work in the USA or getting a renewable one year valid EAD card (through the United States citizenship and immigration services or USCIS), getting a Green card (for permanent residents living in the U.S.) and/or getting an employment-related visa allowing to work for a particular employer.

When it comes to the documents that must be presented, there are several categories such as a list A, list B and list C which contain lists of items which must be presented. However, the most important ones to be mentioned: a proof of identity (ID, driver’s license, photos), and various (vary according the foreigner’s status) permits – permanent or temporary.

 

Work Application

The application itself can be seen on the official U.S. citizenship and immigration services website. There are several forms of the application followed by the instructions, worksheet and notification or petition acceptance downloadable in PDF format. The EAD card can be renewed, replaced (in case of it being stolen, for example), verified and authorized (by the particular employer).

A pile of passports with visa stamps.

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